Animal Protection Laws of Canada are the top resources for lawyers, law professors, law students, legislators, other legal professionals, and anyone who wants the most comprehensive animal protection laws collection of its kind available.


Documents in the Animal Protection Laws compendiums contain the general animal protection and related statutes for all of the principal districts of Canada. In Canada, the federal government enacts all criminal laws, which are applicable throughout the country. The provinces and territories of Canada may enact quasi-criminal offenses and laws in other subject areas, and have jurisdiction over most criminal and civil matters.

Each document begins with a detailed overview of the provisions contained in these laws, followed by the full text of the statutes themselves. The various provisions are organized into categories. Within the first thirteen of these categories, the relevant part of each statute is italicized. The last category provides a non-italicized version of each of the previously referenced statutes, in numerical order. The penalties and related provisions for categories 12 and 13 are generally located within each of those respective sections.

Some jurisdictions may employ similar provisions within other non-animal-specific criminal and civil statutes; may have other more specific statutes in addition to those included; and may have a variety of animal-related regulations in effect.

Because the law is continually evolving, always review an official source for the most current language of any statute.

Categories presented in a quick reference table and full-text statutory sections:

  • General prohibitions
  • Animals covered by definition
  • Classification of crimes
  • Penalties (including a table of maximum penalties)
  • Exemptions
  • Counseling / Evaluations
  • Protective Orders
  • Restitution / Reimbursement of Costs / Bonding & Liens
  • Seizure / On-site Supervision
  • Forfeiture / Possession
  • Cross Enforcement / Reporting
  • Veterinarian Reporting / Immunity
  • Law Enforcement Policies
  • Sexual Assault
  • Fighting
  • Full-text of all referenced statutes


  • There are no “bad dogs”

    As the Animal Legal Defense Fund combats dogfighting by working with state officials to create stronger laws and more effective penalties for those who engage in this crime, we’re also hard at work to ensure the best possible outcomes for dogfighting victims.
    August 5, 2020 News
  • Animal Legal Defense Fund and Humane Rescue Alliance Offer $10,000 Reward in Case of Dog Stabbing

    The Animal Legal Defense Fund, the nation’s preeminent legal advocacy organization for animals, and Humane Rescue Alliance (HRA) are offering a $10,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person or people responsible for the abandonment and stabbing of a senior-aged dog named Ladybell on July 12, 2020.
    August 4, 2020 Press Release
  • The Animal Agriculture Industry: Liability Proof?

    Earlier this summer, the driver of a pig transport truck struck and killed longtime animal advocate Regan Russell. The circumstances regarding her death are not fully known to the public, but top to bottom, the animal agriculture industry is rarely held accountable.
    August 4, 2020 News