Legal Resource

Animal Testing: Models for Improvement

Animals Used in Research

While animal testing is still far too prevalent, some countries and states have implemented laws that reduce the number of animals used in laboratory experiments.

These laws are good both because they reduce the suffering inflicted upon animals in laboratories, and because they can be used as models elsewhere where there is the political will for change.

Bans On Chimpanzee Experimentation: Laboratory testing on chimpanzees humans’ closest living relative, and other great apes was effectively  banned in the United Kingdom in 1997. A number of other countries have similar bans, including New Zealand, the Netherlands, Japan, and Germany.

In the United States, there is no such ban. However, the federal government vowed to voluntarily phase out its use of chimpanzees in experiments in 2013, and in 2015 promised to send the last of the research chimpanzees to sanctuaries.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service enacted new rules in 2017 to make it more difficult for non-government labs to use chimpanzees, as well. Science Magazine reported that with these new rules, no labs had applied for a license to experiment on chimpanzees—but it’s possible the testing will resume.

Bans On Animal Testing Of Cosmetics: A number of countries now ban testing cosmetics on animals.

In 1997, the U.K. banned animal testing of cosmetics and ingredients. Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany have also banned the use of animals in cosmetic testing. As of 2013, no animals may be used in cosmetic testing in the European Union.

Other countries with similar bans include Israel, India, New Zealand and Australia. Some of these countries also ban the importation and sale of cosmetics that have been tested on animals.

We have seen some progress in the United States as well, at the state level. In 2000, California passed the first state law limiting product-testing on animals where alternative non-animal tests are available. New Jerseyand New York have since followed California’s model.

Some States Allow Students To Opt Out: In some U.S. states, students can refuse to participate in school activities, including dissection, that harm animals. Right-to-choose states include California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont and Virginia.

Other states, like Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, and New Mexico, have similar policies. Maryland mandates students have alternatives to dissection and other animal-harming activities.


  • Animal Legal Defense Fund Expands Grants for Animal Law Courses

    The Animal Legal Defense Fund announced the expansion of its Animal Law Course Grant Program to allow accredited law schools to apply for $5,000 grants to fund new introductory and advanced animal law courses, or existing courses that are in danger of being cancelled due to budget cuts.
    March 1, 2021 Press Release
  • Court Allows Lawsuit Against FDA to Proceed

    The United States District Court for the Northern District of California ruled in favor of the Animal Legal Defense Fund and its co-plaintiffs, denying an attempt by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to dismiss a lawsuit against the agency.
    February 23, 2021 Press Release
  • Courtroom Animal Advocate Program Bill Passes New Jersey Senate

    A Courtroom Animal Advocate Program (CAAP) bill, S.2868/A.4533, which would allow law students and volunteer lawyers to advocate for animal victims in cruelty criminal cases, unanimously passed the New Jersey Senate. The bill is sponsored by Senator Nicholas Scutari and Assemblyman Raj Mukherji and endorsed by the Animal Legal Defense Fund.
    February 19, 2021 Press Release

Take a Stand Against Animal Testing

Did you know an estimated 100 million animals are used in testing and research in the United States every year? Take a stand against animal testing by signing our cruelty-free pledge today.

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