What To Do If Your Dog is in Danger of Being Declared Vicious, Or If Your Dog Has Bitten Someone Who is Now Suing You
You may be sued if your dog bites a person or attacks another animal.
The person who’s been harmed — or the person whose animals have been harmed — may file a civil lawsuit against you, seeking monetary redress. See our page on Stages of a Civil Trial for more information about what is likely to ensue, in that case.
They may also file a complaint seeking to have your dog declared dangerous — and perhaps even to have your dog euthanized or removed to a new home out of the community.
This page is a brief overview of what to expect in that event. It is not a substitute for an attorney. An attorney can best advise you on how to protect yourself and your dog, if someone is seeking to have your dog declared dangerous.
Here are the basics:
The law varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction:
There is no federal dangerous dog law. States will have their own dangerous dog law. Some counties and cities also have dangerous dog laws.
These laws will vary as to what behavior is deemed dangerous. In some, one bite can lead to a dangerous dog determination; in others, the dog must have bitten more than once. Similarly, some jurisdictions may consider a dog dangerous if that dog has killed another animal, in others not.
The procedures also vary between jurisdictions:
If your dog is accused of an attack, he or she may be seized and put on “bite hold” at a local shelter. You will then generally be entitled to a hearing before your dog is declared dangerous. This hearing may be before an administrative hearing officer or before a judge.
The party seeking to have your dog declared dangerous — an animal control agency or an injured party — will present evidence showing why they believe this designation is appropriate. If you are contesting the dangerous dog designation, you may present evidence showing why your dog should not be declared dangerous.
Some examples include:
- Evidence relating to identity. Was it your dog who attacked, or could it have been another dog?
- Evidence relating to the severity of the attack. Was the bite not as severe as contended?
- Evidence relating to why the dog attacked. Was your dog defending you? Was the person bitten provoking your dog?
The law in your jurisdiction will determine if you, or another party, may appeal the determination.
If your dog is declared dangerous:
There are a number of things that might happen. You might be required to muzzle your dog in public or to affix a “vicious dog” sign to your front door. You may be ordered to remove your dog to a different jurisdiction — in other words, to find your dog a new home in another community.
There is also the chance that your dog will be ordered to be euthanized. Because of these serious stakes, we urge anyone whose dog may be declared dangerous to consult a lawyer.
The sweeping Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 — an omnibus federal law passed approximately every five years, commonly known as the “farm bill” — included several important provisions, including some victories for animals.March 11, 2019 Animal Law Update
When Guam enacted a felony animal cruelty law in 2011, the U.S. territory moved up 18 places on the Animal Legal Defense Fund’s Animal Protection Laws State Rankings, showing the second most improvement of U.S. states and territories that year.March 7, 2019 Animal Law Update