Chicago Bans the Sale of Puppy Mill Pups in Pet Stores

Posted by Stephen Wells, ALDF Executive Director on March 14, 2014

Legally Brief

Last week, with ALDF support, Chicago passed a landmark ordinance that will ban Chicago pet stores from selling puppies, cats, or bunnies that originate from “puppy mills” (large-scale breeding facilities). Those who violate the ordinance, which takes effect next March, could be fined up to $1,000 a day, or charged with a misdemeanor if the offense is repeated. Puppy mills are essentially factory farms for dogs and may house several dogs or several thousand dogs at a time—often in filthy, inhumane, and illegal conditions. According to USDA reports, puppy mills are found in every U.S. state but are especially prominent in Missouri, Oklahoma, Iowa, Arkansas, Kansas, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Texas. Female dogs used as “breeders” are forced to bear litter after litter of puppies until their bodies give out, and then they are killed. Nearly one million dogs are suffering such agony in the more than 4,000 puppy mills across the country.

With pressure from animal advocates, lawmakers are beginning to address the problems of puppy mills. Sadly, unsuspecting consumers often turn to commercial breeders, not realizing that nearly 100% of puppies sold in pet stores come from mills. Nor do they realize that in addition to worsening the over-population problem, puppies raised in mills often suffer serious health problems due to lack of care: parasites, heart or kidney disease, diabetes, anemia, hearing or vision problems, and hip dysplasia. The neglect they suffer puts them at greater risk for heartworm, giardia, distemper, and kennel cough. Many consumers probably don’t know dogs in “puppy mills” typically spend 24 hours a day, seven days a week in wire cages, with limited climate control, ventilation, or veterinary care.

Facilities that breed and sell their animals to pet stores, brokers, or research facilities are regulated under the Animal Welfare Act which is a federal law enforced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Breeders must obtain a license from the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Of course, many breeders operate without a license in this multibillion dollar industry. Missouri’s puppy mill industry alone, which ALDF has called out for its notoriously cruel facilities, brings in more than $40 million a year from the mass-breeding of helpless dogs.

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For decades, animal advocates have tried to address the problem of pet over-population. Studies estimate that every ten seconds a healthy, adoptable cat or dog is euthanized in a U.S. shelter—just shy of 3 million animals per year. Cities like Los Angeles, San Diego, and Phoenix have also recently banned the sale of puppies in pet stores unless the dogs come from shelters, rescue groups, or humane societies. In fact, Minnesota is considering a similar puppy mill bill in a senate hearing this week.

Now Chicago has taken a great step forward to address the puppy mill epidemic. There are still some challenges; for example, the ordinance won’t change online sales or purchases from breeders who don’t sell puppies in stores, but it is a big step in the right direction. Clearly, we need to pass better laws that directly confront the supply side of the dog breeding industry and more jurisdictions are doing just that.

Take action!

  • Don’t buy companion animals from breeders or pet stores. Instead, visit your local shelter (or try specific breed rescue groups if you desire a particular breed of animal).
  • Urge your local government to adopt similar measures in your city. ALDF can provide free legal assistance in drafting such ordinances—as we did for Chicago.
  • Report animal abuse to law enforcement using ALDF’s “Crime Tips” app.
  • Support the work ALDF does by becoming a member and following our cases.


11 thoughts on “Chicago Bans the Sale of Puppy Mill Pups in Pet Stores

  1. Fran Gray says:

    THANK YOU!!!

    1. Nancy Harvey says:

      ALDF, please help us end the sale of puppy mill puppies in pet stores across Iowa. You are the BEST !!

  2. Linda Norman says:

    What about puppy mills that sell on the internet? Please shut them down too. Thanks

  3. Chuck LaMark says:

    I want very much to end puppy mills in Pennsylvania. I would also like to prevent any dog from being euthanized in Pennsylvania when the canine is healthy and not a threat.
    I believe every dog deserves a chance for a happy life. It is a long road ahead to secure the rights of dogs and I am staying at it to make it happen.

  4. Laura Menighetti says:

    Thank you so much!!!

  5. Jerry says:

    Do the right thing!!

  6. Muriel Servaege says:

    Good piece of news! Thank you.

  7. Marilyn Byrne Graziano says:

    I only hope that they keep a close check on this,

  8. Syd Henley says:

    Congratulations to the law makers of Chicago, you have done a great thing by bringing in this law.
    Please ensure that it is rigorously policed and any offenders are severely punished, with NO EXCEPTIONS.

  9. Mary says:

    I know of a woman that sells kittens thru Craig’s list, this needs to stop.

    Thank you ALDF!! This is the reason I support you! Thanks again!

  10. pat says:

    this is great. a good law ..but one problem..you have to stop the puppy mills…what is going to happen to the puppies born in them.?????
    ..so stop the mills…save the puppies there also…the mill people will just kill them if they can not sell them…so stop the mills..
    cruel is letting them be killed or just die.
    stop the mills and you stop a big problem.
    so much abuse..so.many humans abuse animals.

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