Maternal Deprivation: The Cruelest Research ContinuesPosted by Jennifer Molidor, ALDF's Staff Writer on January 30th, 2013
The University of Wisconsin is at it again with the renewal of horrific "maternal deprivation tests." Recently in hot water for their horrendous experiments on cats, the UW's psychological tests on monkeys top the list of sadistic treatment of sentient beings.
What do the tests do?
Infant monkeys are immediately removed from their mothers after birth and kept in total isolation. They will be given "surrogate" materials known to provoke heightened anxieties. For 42 days, the confused infants will be subjected to relentless fear and panic-inducing tests while totally isolated. These tests include being intentionally terrified by human researchers, being left alone with a live King snake, and being left alone in a strange room with a strange monkey. They will then be killed and dissected.
Haven't we done this before?
A 10-year study by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has already determined that isolating infant monkeys leads to self-mutilation. Surely we could establish this common-sense observation without tormenting monkeys. Mammals, particularly primates, rely upon their mother for safety and nurturance crucial to their psychological well-being. One only needs to observe humans, or animals in the wild, to see that distressing experiences, while deprived of one's mother, are terrifically destructive. There is no justification for continually frightening baby monkeys and depriving them of basic care.
In the late 1950s, Harry Harlow's infamous University of Wisconsin tests, in which he psychologically tortured baby monkeys by separating them from their mothers, caused a public outcry. Yet, here we go again.
By law, all university research must undergo approval by review committees, called Institutional Animal Care & Use Committee (IACUCs). These review committees are supposed to rigorously review research protocols to ensure compliance with the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). Yet, according to Lori Gruen, the University of Wisconsin's IACUC almost never denies a research plan, no matter how brutal the proposed test. Instead, they wonder whether they even have the authority to question NIH-approved research. They not only have the authority to do so, but they are legally required to ensure all research complies with the AWA, including NIH-funded research. Review committees are obligated to ensure that alternatives to the use of animals in experiments are thoroughly explored and that pain is minimized. And they are obligated to deny research protocols when these conditions are not met.
Are the experiments cruel?
These tests will cause serious psychological torment to baby monkeys. That is the entire goal of these unnecessary experiments. Even among those researchers who support animal testing, these tests are highly controversial and consistently called into question by leading scientific authorities. Yet the University of Wisconsin proceeds, without listening to anyone.
ALDF thinks it is time that they do listen, and we hope you will make your voice heard.
- Contact the University of Wisconsin's IACUC (politely) to ask them not to allow the cruel and unethical maternal-deprivation of primates, as these tests bring the university into disrepute.
- Spread the word—ask everyone associated with the University of Wisconsin to sign the pledge from Not In Our Name against this most horrific exploitation of baby monkeys.
- Alliance for Animals is organizing an alumni pledge that promises to withhold donations to the university until this cruel testing is stopped.
- Contact your alma mater and urge it to adopt humane teaching methods without animal testing.
- Contact local medical schools and ask that they drop the use of animal testing in their labs.
- Educate others on the cruelty of animal testing and the dangers it poses to scientific validity.
- Avoid commercial products from companies that test on animals. Use animal-free alternatives.