Litigation Program

Carter currently serves as Director of Litigation for the Animal Legal Defense Fund where he manages over half a dozen staff attorneys and dozens of participating pro bono law firms. Carter helped quadruple within less than three years the number of matters the organization had filed, and he has helped achieve judgments, settlements, and precedent that among other things replaced negligent management at public shelters, ended systematic abuses at factory farms and hunting facilities, moved wildlife from ramshackle roadside zoos into sanctuaries, improved standing for animal advocates, and halted false advertising of animal products. With his sister, Carter co-founded the organization Four Feet Forward, which helps small animal advocacy organizations with legal and media campaigns by offering professional services at no cost. He also serves as Executive Director of Uncrowded.org, an organization that simultaneously integrates human rights, environmental and child welfare advocacy by promoting smaller and more loving families.

Carter previously served as General Counsel for Compassion Over Killing, where he settled a case that resulted in one of the biggest changes in animal product advertising in U.S. history, and as Director of Farm Animal Litigation for the Humane Society of the United States, where he helped orchestrate one of the only animal cruelty prosecutions of a corporation for factory farming. Carter began his career as an Honors Program appointee to the U.S. Department of Justice and later served as a legal advisor to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, in the National Security Law Division. He has taught on the faculties or held appointments at Lewis and Clark Law School, Emory University School of Law, and Loyola University New Orleans, College of Law. He holds a B.A. from Boston College, a J.D., Order of the Coif and with honors, from Emory University, and an LL.M. from New York University where he wrote his thesis—on a deeply theorized right to have children—under Jeremy Waldron. Carter has written over two dozen articles, including peer-reviewed pieces, on animal protection and human population ethics in journals published by Yale, Duke, Northwestern and other universities, and he currently sits on the Steering Committee for the Population Ethics: Theory and Practice research project at the Future of Humanity Institute, University of Oxford.


Matthew Liebman is a senior attorney in the Litigation Program and works on all aspects of ALDF’s civil cases, including investigating reports of animal cruelty, conducting legal research, developing new legal theories, and appearing in court. He has litigated cases including ALDF v. Conyers, which resulted in the rescue of more than 100 dogs from a North Carolina hoarder; ALDF v. Keating, in which seven horses were saved from starvation; and Animal Place v. Cheung, which seeks justice for 50,000 hens abandoned without food by egg farmers. Matthew’s writing has appeared in the Animal Law Review, the Journal of Animal Law, the Stanford Environmental Law Journal, and the Animal Legal & Historical Web Center. With Bruce Wagman, Matthew co-authored A Worldview of Animal Law, which examines how the legal systems of different countries govern our interactions with animals.

Before coming to ALDF, Matthew clerked for the Honorable Warren J. Ferguson of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Matthew graduated with distinction from Stanford Law School in 2006 and with highest honors from the University of Texas at Austin in 2001 with a degree in philosophy. While a law student at Stanford, Matthew co-founded a chapter of the Student Animal Legal Defense Fund and was an active member of Animal Rights on the Farm, where he worked on campaigns against factory farming and vivisection. He lives with his human companion, their new baby girl, and their five feline companions Kitty Kitty, Ollie, Emma, Spider, and Niecey.


jessica-blomeAs staff attorney, Jessica Blome tackles all aspects of civil animal welfare litigation from development through investigation and litigation. Jessica brings to this position years of legal expertise prosecuting laws regulating civil animal care facilities (including breeders, shelters, and brokers) at the state level.

Prior to joining ALDF, Jessica worked for the Missouri Attorney General’s Office. There, Jessica founded the Canine Cruelty Prevention Unit, responsible for managing and responding to canine cruelty complaints, investigating animal welfare violations, and prosecuting state animal welfare laws. As the Canine Cruelty Prevention Unit Leader, Jessica prosecuted more than fifty substandard puppy mills and kennels, shutting down forty of these inferior facilities and rescuing more than 6,000 animals. In 2013, the Missouri Alliance for Animal Legislation presented her with the Special Recognition Award for Outstanding Service to Missouri Animal Welfare.

Jessica holds a J.D. from the University of Iowa College of Law, where she was Editor in Chief of the Journal of Gender, Race & Justice. She and her husband share their home with two dogs, Harvey and Arthur, and two cats, Jackson and Lola.


Chris Berry works on a broad range of animal issues including puppy mills, factory farms, and consumer rights. He helps formulate creative legal theories to help animals and challenges government agencies that are not following the law as in Legal Rights and Duties in Lost Pet Disputes. Chris also works hard to fight abuse on factory farms and protect consumers who want to make humane choices. For example, Chris served on the Cal-Cruz Hatcheries case, applying the animal cruelty code to a chicken hatchery through a consumer protection law. Chris also worked on Glover v. Mahrt, a class-action lawsuit alleging that egg packaging depicting outdoor hens mislead consumers who wanted to buy more humanely produced eggs.

Chris graduated with honors in 2008 from the University of South Dakota, where he majored in political science and minored in psychology. While there, he focused his attention on animal issues and wrote an honors thesis arguing that invasive medical testing on animals violates fundamental bioethics principles. Chris attended law school at the University of Michigan while maintaining his interest in animal rights with a focus on litigation. Chris was involved in student advocacy in Ann Arbor and acquired experiences interning at the public defender’s office in the child abuse and neglect docket, participating in the environmental law clinic, and serving as a law clerk for the Humane Society of the United States, where he worked on the farmed animal litigation team. Chris cares for two sweet lab mixes and watches out for his roommate’s goofy Rottweiler.


Wendy Cromwell conducts legal research, follows up on animal cruelty complaints, interviews witnesses, and, if necessary, hires investigators to support ALDF’s groundbreaking litigation. Wendy also maintains databases and physical files, as well as the team litigation calendar, and prepares FOIA requests and appeals.

With a strong background in criminal investigation–she spent 20 years in law enforcement working as a deputy sheriff, 911- dispatcher, and victim’s advocate–Wendy also holds degrees in criminal justice and paralegal studies. She has volunteered at the Sonoma County Humane Society and is active in Compassionate Living Outreach, North Bay Vegan Events, and the Redwood Association of Paralegals. Wendy was one of the first women to work patrol duties, which helped pave the way for other women in law enforcement. In addition to being a paralegal extraordinaire and a role model for women in criminal justice, Wendy is also a talented vegan baker and a weightlifting champion. She even broke the American and world records for weightlifting in the same age/weight class.


Liz Hallinan

Liz Hallinan

Liz Hallinan received her J.D. from New York University, where she focused on environmental law and completed a clinic at the Natural Resources Defense Council. She also holds a master’s degree from Queens University, where she was recognized by the Canadian Psychological Association, and a bachelor’s degree from Harvard University, where she studied biology and graduated magna cum laude. As a law student, Liz clerked for ALDF and was awarded an Advancement of Animal Law Scholarship.

Prior to coming to ALDF, Liz worked on farmed-animal protection litigation for Compassion Over Killing, and environmental and animal law cases as a clerk for Meyer Glitzenstein and Crystal in Washington, D.C. A published author of several psychological studies, Liz also enjoys cooking, hiking, volunteering, movies, and politics, and shares her household with a tabby cat named Piggy.


Jenni James specializes in laws that affect marine mammals, including the Marine Mammal Protection Act, the Animal Welfare Act, and the Endangered Species Act. For her ALDF Fellowship, Jenni received a grant from the University of Chicago Law School to help ALDF bring cases to alleviate the suffering of captive marine mammals, particularly orcas and belugas. As a fellow in ALDF’s Litigation Program, her personal caseload includes ALDF’s campaign to help Lolita, the orca confined in the smallest tank in North America. Jenni’s discovery that Lolita had been wrongfully excluded from protection of the Endangered Species Act formed the cornerstone of ALDF’s campaign to free the captive orca. Her work helped ALDF to file Proie v. NMFS, which convinced the National Marine Fisheries Service to reconsider Lolita’s status. Most recently, Jenni drafted ALDF’s comment opposing the import of 18 wild-caught belugas.

An honors graduate of the University of California at Berkeley, Jenni received her degree in Social Welfare and is passionately pursuing social justice as a litigation fellow. As a law student, Jenni was on the board of her SALDF chapter, and received numerous awards including ALDF’s Advancement of Animal Law Scholarship, the University of Chicago’s Public Interest Fellowship, the Maurice Walk Centennial Scholarship, and a grant from the Chicago Law Foundation.

Prior to working for ALDF, Jenni clerked at the Environmental Defense Fund in Santa Barbara, California’s oldest nonprofit environmental firm. It was there she learned how to apply environmental laws to animal issues and to comment thoughtfully on pending agency actions and legislation. She has spent nearly a decade as a wildlife rescue volunteer with the Marine Mammal Center.


Originally from Colorado, and after stints working on biodiversity conservation projects in Madagascar, Colorado and Kenya, Danny attended the New York University School of Law. As a student at NYU Law, Danny interned with a state assemblyman, cultivated and helped refine student notes as head Student Notes Editor on the school’s Environmental Law Journal, and was part of a team that submitted an amicus brief to the U.S. Supreme Court in support of victims of human rights abuses.

Danny’s interests in legal advocacy for animals exploded out from his summer as a law clerk at Meyer Glitzenstein & Crystal. He fell in love with the creativity required for animal litigation and spent the remainder of law school wading deep into animal issues: organizing a conference on wild horses and burros, writing an article on Endangered Species Act preliminary injunctions (forthcoming in the Spring 2014 Animal Law Review), and visiting the dog playground in Washington Square Park. At ALDF he has promoted animal rights and welfare across judicial and non-judicial regulatory regimes, from asking the Federal Trade Commission to investigate and enforce Tyson’s false advertisements on “animal well-being” to developing lawsuits under the Endangered Species Act.


Justin Marceau is of counsel for the Litigation Program and works on a variety of civil cases, specializing in constitutional matters. In addition to litigating cases with ALDF, Justin is a tenured law professor at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law.

Before joining ALDF, Justin clerked for Sidney R. Thomas of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, worked as an associate at a large law firm in San Francisco, and served as an Assistant Federal Public Defender.

Justin graduated with honors from Harvard Law School in 2004 and from Boston College in 2000.

His research interests include habeas corpus, the death penalty, criminal procedure, criminal law, constitutional law, and, animal law.


Jeff Pierce

Jeff Pierce assists ALDF with its major caseload as a litigation fellow. He is a graduate of Stanford Law School, where, as a SALDF member, he conducted legal research for Compassion Over Killing and oversaw his chapter’s pro bono efforts on behalf of that organization. As a law student, Jeff not only clerked for ALDF but also served as Editor-in-Chief of Stanford’s Journal of Animal Law and Policy.

In addition to law, Jeff studied biology at Duke University, where he graduated summa cum laude, and theology at Yale University. He received a Fulbright Fellowship to research the impact of commercial forestry on rural communities and wildlife in Swaziland, in southern Africa. Jeff is a committed vegetarian, and hopes to focus on the well-being of wildlife, both captive and non-captive.

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