Litigation Program

Carter currently serves as Director of Litigation for the Animal Legal Defense Fund where he manages over half a dozen staff attorneys and dozens of participating pro bono law firms. Carter helped quadruple within less than three years the number of matters the organization had filed, and he has helped achieve judgments, settlements, and precedent that among other things replaced negligent management at public shelters, ended systematic abuses at factory farms and hunting facilities, moved wildlife from ramshackle roadside zoos into sanctuaries, improved standing for animal advocates, and halted false advertising of animal products. With his sister, Carter co-founded the organization Four Feet Forward, which helps small animal advocacy organizations with legal and media campaigns by offering professional services at no cost. He also serves as Executive Director of, an organization that simultaneously integrates human rights, environmental and child welfare advocacy by promoting smaller and more loving families.

Carter previously served as General Counsel for Compassion Over Killing, where he settled a case that resulted in one of the biggest changes in animal product advertising in U.S. history, and as Director of Farm Animal Litigation for the Humane Society of the United States, where he helped orchestrate one of the only animal cruelty prosecutions of a corporation for factory farming. Carter began his career as an Honors Program appointee to the U.S. Department of Justice and later served as a legal advisor to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, in the National Security Law Division. He has taught on the faculties or held appointments at Lewis and Clark Law School, Emory University School of Law, and Loyola University New Orleans, College of Law. He holds a B.A. from Boston College, a J.D., Order of the Coif and with honors, from Emory University, and an LL.M. from New York University where he wrote his thesis—on a deeply theorized right to have children—under Jeremy Waldron. Carter has written a dozen articles, including peer-reviewed pieces, on animal protection and human population ethics in journals published by Yale, Duke, Northwestern and other universities, and he currently sits on the Steering Committee for the Population Ethics: Theory and Practice research project at the Future of Humanity Institute, University of Oxford.

Matthew Liebman is a senior attorney in the Litigation Program and works on all aspects of ALDF’s civil cases, including investigating reports of animal cruelty, conducting legal research, developing new legal theories, and appearing in court. He has litigated cases including ALDF v. Conyers, which resulted in the rescue of more than 100 dogs from a North Carolina hoarder; ALDF v. Keating, in which seven horses were saved from starvation; and Animal Place v. Cheung, which seeks justice for 50,000 hens abandoned without food by egg farmers. Matthew’s writing has appeared in the Animal Law Review, the Journal of Animal Law, the Stanford Environmental Law Journal, and the Animal Legal & Historical Web Center. With Bruce Wagman, Matthew co-authored A Worldview of Animal Law, which examines how the legal systems of different countries govern our interactions with animals.

Before coming to ALDF, Matthew clerked for the Honorable Warren J. Ferguson of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Matthew graduated with distinction from Stanford Law School in 2006 and with highest honors from the University of Texas at Austin in 2001 with a degree in philosophy. While a law student at Stanford, Matthew co-founded a chapter of the Student Animal Legal Defense Fund and was an active member of Animal Rights on the Farm, where he worked on campaigns against factory farming and vivisection. He lives with his human companion, their new baby girl, and their five feline companions Kitty Kitty, Ollie, Emma, Spider, and Niecey.

jessica-blomeAs staff attorney, Jessica Blome tackles all aspects of civil animal welfare litigation from development through investigation and litigation. Jessica brings to this position years of legal expertise prosecuting laws regulating civil animal care facilities (including breeders, shelters, and brokers) at the state level.

Prior to joining ALDF, Jessica worked for the Missouri Attorney General’s Office. There, Jessica founded the Canine Cruelty Prevention Unit, responsible for managing and responding to canine cruelty complaints, investigating animal welfare violations, and prosecuting state animal welfare laws. As the Canine Cruelty Prevention Unit Leader, Jessica prosecuted more than fifty substandard puppy mills and kennels, shutting down forty of these inferior facilities and rescuing more than 6,000 animals. In 2013, the Missouri Alliance for Animal Legislation presented her with the Special Recognition Award for Outstanding Service to Missouri Animal Welfare.

Jessica holds a J.D. from the University of Iowa College of Law, where she was Editor in Chief of the Journal of Gender, Race & Justice. She and her husband share their home with two dogs, Harvey and Arthur, and two cats, Jackson and Lola.

Chris Berry works on a broad range of animal issues including puppy mills, factory farms, and consumer rights. He helps formulate creative legal theories to help animals and challenges government agencies that are not following the law as in Legal Rights and Duties in Lost Pet Disputes. Chris also works hard to fight abuse on factory farms and protect consumers who want to make humane choices. For example, Chris served on the Cal-Cruz Hatcheries case, applying the animal cruelty code to a chicken hatchery through a consumer protection law. Chris also worked on Glover v. Mahrt, a class-action lawsuit alleging that egg packaging depicting outdoor hens mislead consumers who wanted to buy more humanely produced eggs.

Chris graduated with honors in 2008 from the University of South Dakota, where he majored in political science and minored in psychology. While there, he focused his attention on animal issues and wrote an honors thesis arguing that invasive medical testing on animals violates fundamental bioethics principles. Chris attended law school at the University of Michigan while maintaining his interest in animal rights with a focus on litigation. Chris was involved in student advocacy in Ann Arbor and acquired experiences interning at the public defender’s office in the child abuse and neglect docket, participating in the environmental law clinic, and serving as a law clerk for the Humane Society of the United States, where he worked on the farmed animal litigation team. Chris cares for two sweet lab mixes and watches out for his roommate’s goofy Rottweiler.

Wendy Cromwell conducts legal research, follows up on animal cruelty complaints, interviews witnesses, and, if necessary, hires investigators to support ALDF’s groundbreaking litigation. Wendy also maintains databases and physical files, as well as the team litigation calendar, and prepares FOIA requests and appeals.

With a strong background in criminal investigation–she spent 20 years in law enforcement working as a deputy sheriff, 911- dispatcher, and victim’s advocate–Wendy also holds degrees in criminal justice and paralegal studies. She has volunteered at the Sonoma County Humane Society and is active in Compassionate Living Outreach, North Bay Vegan Events, and the Redwood Association of Paralegals. Wendy was one of the first women to work patrol duties, which helped pave the way for other women in law enforcement. In addition to being a paralegal extraordinaire and a role model for women in criminal justice, Wendy is also a talented vegan baker and a weightlifting champion. She even broke the American and world records for weightlifting in the same age/weight class.

Kelsey Eberly assists ALDF with its cases and projects as a litigation fellow. She graduated from UCLA Law School in May 2014, where she focused on animal, environmental, and administrative law. While attending law school, Kelsey was the chair of the UCLA Animal Law Society—that school’s student Animal Legal Defense Fund chapter (SALDF). She was also a writing advisor to first year law students in UCLA’s Lawyering Skills clinical program. Prior to this, she earned a graduate certificate in Animal Policy and Advocacy from Humane Society University. In 2006, she received a bachelor’s degree magna cum laude from Middlebury College, with a double major in English and Spanish.

Kelsey is a former clerk for ALDF and before that served as a legal intern with Compassion Over Killing. She has concentrated her academic study on the abuse of factory farmed animals and is interested in the international trade of exotic animals, the free speech rights of animal advocates, and the humane management of urban wildlife. Kelsey enjoys running, vegan cooking, fostering kittens, and observing beautiful underwater creatures while scuba diving.

Justin Marceau is of counsel for the Litigation Program and works on a variety of civil cases, specializing in constitutional matters. In addition to litigating cases with ALDF, Justin is a tenured law professor at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law.

Before joining ALDF, Justin clerked for Sidney R. Thomas of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, worked as an associate at a large law firm in San Francisco, and served as an Assistant Federal Public Defender.

Justin graduated with honors from Harvard Law School in 2004 and from Boston College in 2000.

His research interests include habeas corpus, the death penalty, criminal procedure, criminal law, constitutional law, and, animal law.

Jeff Pierce

Jeff Pierce assists ALDF with its major caseload as a litigation fellow. He is a graduate of Stanford Law School, where, as a SALDF member, he conducted legal research for Compassion Over Killing and oversaw his chapter’s pro bono efforts on behalf of that organization. As a law student, Jeff not only clerked for ALDF but also served as Editor-in-Chief of Stanford’s Journal of Animal Law and Policy.

In addition to law, Jeff studied biology at Duke University, where he graduated summa cum laude, and theology at Yale University. He received a Fulbright Fellowship to research the impact of commercial forestry on rural communities and wildlife in Swaziland, in southern Africa. Jeff hopes to focus on the well-being of wildlife, both captive and non-captive.

T.J. Tumasse recruits, trains, and supports the Animal Legal Defense Fund’s undercover investigators, who document evidence, prepare cases, and conduct research on animal cruelty. He oversees all aspects of undercover investigations and creates a support network for investigators in the field.

Before coming to ALDF, T.J. worked as an undercover investigator for Mercy for Animals and PETA in 30 states and in many industries in which animals are exploited and abused. In 2011, T.J. helped expose animal cruelty at Sparboe Farms—one of the largest egg farms in the U.S.—while working for Mercy for Animals—as a result, McDonald’s, Target, and other retailers dropped Sparboe as a supplier. One of his most well-known successes brought about the first felony conviction for cruelty to factory farmed birds in the U.S., after an investigation he conducted while working for PETA exposed abusive operations at Avaigen Turkeys in 2008.

T.J. has been interviewed or quoted on ABC, Nightline, 20/20, and numerous podcasts, blogs, and websites, and in 2014 he presented on a panel at the Animal Rights National Conference. After witnessing and documenting horrendous cruelty to animals on factory farms, T.J. brings a particular focus to shining a light on abuses in this industry.

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